HOW TO PRAY IN ISLAM STEP BY STEP
It is obligatory upon all adult Muslims and highly suggested for children aged ten and above, to complete their daily prayers rendering to the method the Prophet (PBUH) did it in order for them to be effective. It is said that communication with Allah will carry life to the beseeching and bring them valor. Muslims have faith that Allah talks to us through the Holy Qur’an, and Salah is our way of connecting to Allah. Whether you’re just inquiring as to how Muslims pray or if you’re considering studying for yourself, it’s never too early to start.
It is a must to be ritually pure before you go begin praying. If you’re not, it’s compulsory to perform Wudu “ablution” before you do. If since your previous prayer, you have urinated, defecated, passed gas, bled overly, or fallen asleep genuinely, you need to do wudu. Having cleaned yourself by Wudu, you may continue to make Salah. You must assure that you have an uncontaminated body, a tidy place to pray and that you are wearing clean clothes.
The method to offer Salah has the following steps:
Stand straight fronting the Qiblah. This position is called Qiyam
Make Niyah (objective) in your heart for the prayer.
Elevate your hands to the level of your ears and say Allah-u-Akbar (Allah is the Greatest).
Now put your right hand over your left one on the chest and look down to that point where your forehead will touch the prayer mat in the Sujood (prostration) and narrate soundlessly:
“Subhanaka allahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabara kasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuka.” (O Allah, how impeccable You are and praise be to You. Sacred is Your name, and high is Your majesty. There is no god but You.)
Then recite Ta’awwudh and Tasmiyah:
“A’udhu billahi minash shaitanir rajim.”
(I seek out shelter in Allah from the forbidden Satan.)
“Bismillahir rahmanir rahim.”
(In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.)
After this, narrate Suratul Fatihah (the initial chapter) of the Holy Quran
“Al hamdu lil lahi rabbil ‘alamin. Arrahmanir rahim. Maliki yawmiddin. Iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nasta’in. Ihdinas siratal mustaqim. Siratal ladhina an’amta’alaihim, ghairil maghdubi’alaihim wa lad dhallin. (Amin)”
(All admirations and appreciations be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful; Chief of the Judgment day. You only we worship, from You only we pursue help. Direct us along the straight path – The path of those whom You preferred, not of those who earned Your anger or went amiss.)
Now narrate any other Surah from the Holy Qur’an.
“Bismillahir rahmanir rahim
Qul hu wal lahu ahad, allahus samad, lam yalid wa lam yulad, wa lam ya kul lahu kufuwan ahad.”
(In the name of Allah, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful. Say, He is Allah, the One. Allah is Everlasting and Complete. He begets not, nor was He created. And there is none co-equal unto Him.)
Now bow down reciting: “Allahu Akbar” and put your hands on your knees and say: “Subhana Rabbiyal Adhim.”
(How Perfect is my Lord, the Highest)
Say this at least three times. This position is called Rukooh. Keep your head in line with your spine, and look down on the prayer mat.
Get back up from the previous position saying:
“Sami’Allahu liman hamidah”
(Allah hears those who praise Him)
“Rabbana lakal hamd.”
(Our Lord, praise be to You.)
Prostrate on the ground reciting: “Allahu Akbar” with your forehead, nose, palms of both hands, your knees, and toes all touching the ground.
Then recite: “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la.”
(How Perfect is my Lord, the Highest) three times.
This position is called Sujood.
Sit up from the ground saying Allahu Akbar and again prostrate in the Sujood position. Recite “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” three times. Sit up from this position reciting “Allahu Akbar.”
This completes the first Rak’ah of Salah. For the next Rak’ah you have to stand up and perform it likewise, only that you do not narrate Subhanaka at the start, and after the second Sujood you sit and say Tashahhud after raising the index finger.
“At-Tahiyyatu lillahi was- Salawatu wat-Tayyibatu As-Salamu alaika ayyuhannabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu. Assalamu ‘alaina wa’ala ibadil-Lahis -Salihinash hadu al-La ilaha il-Lal lahu wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu.”
(Greetings, prayers, and goodness belong to Allah. Peace Be on you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace is on us and on the righteous servants of Allah I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.)
In a three or four-Rak’ah Salah, you stand up for the remaining Rak’ah(s) after you have done Tashahhud. For a two-Rak’ah Salah you remain seated after Tashahhud and then narrate Assalatul-Ibrahimiyah:
“Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin Wa ‘ala ali Muhammadin Kama sallaita ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala ali Ibrahima wa barik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ali Muhammadin Kama barakta ‘ ala Ibrahima Wa ‘ ala ali Ibrahima Fil a’lamina Innaka hamidun Majid.”
(O Allah, let Your mercy come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You let it come upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Truly You are Praiseworthy and Glorious.)
After this say:
Translation: “O Allah! I seek shelter in You from the nuisance of the Hellfire, from the nuisance of the grave, from the trials and illnesses of life and death, and from the trickery of the False-Christ. O, my Lord! Grant me and my parents’ forgiveness, and grant Your mercy upon them, just as they brought me up when I was little.”
Now turn your face to the right saying: “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” and then to the left repeating the same words.
This completes the two Rakah Salah.